ASTM E/EM: Standard Practice for Design and Performance of Supported Laminated Glass Walkways. of breakage (POB) of 8/ from the appendix of ASTM E, these allowable stresses While ASTM E () does address point loads as design. testing to ASTM F Test Method. • Testing program 41kPa,. kPa-msec ASTM E Standard. Practice. – Calculation method. • Determine glass.

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But tempered glass and other types of safety glazing are not hazard free.

His discussion covers the various categories of glass, the use of glass in windows, doors, and partitions, and relevant safety standards. Glass safety standards were developed that aimed at curbing this trend. A heavier form of this glass is float glass.

Model codes, including the International Building Code, define these areas as those subject e7251 human impact.

What are hazardous locations for glass and glazing? For assistance determining which expert is best qualified to investigate the specific technical aspects of your case, please contact your local S2751 Forensic office or submit an inquiry through our website.

Section 2409 Glass in Walkways, Elevator Hoistways and Elevator Cars

Written into fire and life safety codes for much of those 50 years, wired glass can still be found in buildings today. It can be cut again. Referenced Documents aatm separately The documents listed below aatm referenced within the subject standard but are not provided as part of the standard. As the injured person recoils, the pointed shards can make deep lacerations that can be life threatening.


Floor to ceiling storefronts, shopping malls, restaurants, office buildings, and other commercial environments often include these features.

Building Glass & Premises Safety – Expert Article

According to the National Safety Council, hundreds of people are injured each year through their encounter with broken float glass. Shower and sauna enclosures and glass enclosures at some recreational and sports areas are also identified as impact hazard areas.

The glass is not subjected to further treatment such as sandblasting; etching; heat treatment or painting that could alter the original properties of the glass. Heat strengthened and tempered glass break into rounded cubes which may still contain sharp edges, but do not form dagger-like shards.

Edmonton International Airport – Cast Glass, Glass Flooring, Antique Mirrors – Jockimo, Inc.

Under impact, body parts can break the glass, and the embedded wires present a significant risk of injury. Values derived from Practice ETable X9. Combining values from the two systems may result in non-conformance with the standard.

Transparent glass walls where the glass cannot be easily distinguished from the surroundings should be made conspicuous to prevent impact injuries.

Laminated Glass has two separate pieces of annealed, heat strengthened or tempered glass sandwiched around a layer of clear polyvinyl butaryl PVB. Featured Expert Anthony J. In this article, architect and premises safety expert, Anthony Shinsky discusses various aspects of flooring that influence pedestrian safety. Commonly referred to as safety glazing, heat strengthened, laminated, and tempered glass, as well as ceramic, plastic and polymer products are now commonly used glazing materials in areas subject to the likelihood of human impact.


Link to Active This link will always route to the current Active version of the standard. First produced in Europe, wired glass was introduced to the United States in or around If you have specific questions or need immediate assistance, please contact us directly at Issues that are common to all walkways, such as slip resistance, are addressed in existing referenced standards.

Tempered glass shall be permitted to be used for lining walls and ceilings of elevator cars provided: While commercially popular, some types of modern building glass may represent a serious danger. As a former hearing officer on the AIA National Ethics Council, and now a testifying expert in construction disputes, I have seen my share of Glass in elevator car enclosures, glass elevator car doors and glass used for lining walls and ceilings of elevator cars shall be laminated glass conforming to Class A in accordance with ANSI Z Laminated glass products may break, but are held together by an interlayer of plastic or polymer reducing the likelihood of exposure to sharp edges.

These shards can easily cut flesh and tendons, and the results can be severe or even deadly. This article was developed in concert with other members of the Premises Safety practice group.