Aeschines: Against Timarchus [ BCE]. Aeschine’s speech Against Timarchus of BCE is one of the most valuable sources we have about Athenian. Access. Via Perseus Philologic. Aeschines. Against Timarchus. Perseus under Philologic. University of Chicago. 7 October (). In Against Timarchus, Aeschines introduces the argument of sections. 72 to 93 with an unusual exclamation. He claims that his oppo- nents will ask why he is not.

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I myself have before now seen many men convicted before this tribunal, though they spoke most eloquently, and presented witnesses; and I know that before now certain men have won their case, although they spoke most feebly, and although no witnesses testified for them. Although I could name many others, I will stop, lest I seem to be in a way courting their favour by my praise. And be assured, fellow citizens, that in a democracy it is the laws that guard the person of the citizen and the constitution of the state, whereas the despot and the oligarch find their protection in suspicion and in armed guards.

By Zeus and Apollo, many a time before now have I marvelled at the good fortune of your city, shown on many other occasions, but not least in this, that in those days he found nobody to whom he could sell the state of Andros!

Now let me tell you how it happens that it has become the prevailing custom to say, that persons have in the past become prostitutes ” under written contract. But as soon as he had left the marketplace, agqinst paid no more attention to him.

He regulates the festivals of the Muses in the school-rooms, and of Hermes in the wrestling- schools. Such opportunity might easily be used for malicious or blackmailing attack. As time went on they submitted the matter tinarchus the arbitration of Diopeithes of Sunium, a man of Hegesandrus’ own deme and one with whom he had had dealings in his younger years.

One night when they were drunk they, with certain others, whose names I do not care to mention, [59] burst into the house agains Pittalacus was living.

You see for yourselves how young he is, and yet there is not a public office which he has not held, not one of them by lot or by election, but every one by purchase, in defiance of the laws. The brief biographies which have come down to us connect him with some of the rhetorical teachers of the time, but these accounts are late and untrustworthy. But, not to delay, to the Clerk of the Cotirt call first, if you please, those who know that Timarchus here lived in the house of Misgolas, then read the testimony of Phaedrus, and, finally, please take the affidavit of Misgolas himself, in case fear of the gods, and respect for those who know the facts as well as he does, timafchus for the citizens at large and for you the jurors, shall persuade him to testify to the truth.


Misgolas and Phaedrus threatened the foreigners and ordered them to follow straight to the lock-up for having corrupted a free youth. The same action shall hold against those who abuse the persons of slaves.

But if you reflect on the matter, fellow citizens, you will find this to be timarchux best provision of all. Of these men I call no one into court tijarchus testify publicly to his own misfortune, which he has chosen to cover in silence, but I leave it agaimst you to investigate this matter. Now the zgainst man, when his time allowance and the right to speak are given him, will press his accusation vigorously, and looking, of course, into your faces, he will say.

Personal feeling and prejudice are so constantly evident, and so often lead to ex- aggerated assertion and unfair inference, that he fails to carry conviction. Please call Metagenes of Sphettus. Failing to persuade him, he appealed to the man himself. But when in Philip of Macedon had destroyed Olynthus and seized the whole Chalcidic peninsula, Aeschines took an active part in arousing Athens to meet the danger which was threatening her interests.

Hide browse bar Your current position in the text is marked in blue. He gave nothing to Arignotus for his support, but was content to see him, fallen from such wealth, now receiving the alms that the city gives to disabled paupers.

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Sex, Politics, and Disgust in Aeschines’ Against Timarchus

She also is divine. Now if I were defending myself before any other set of men on the charge on which I stand accused, I think your testimony would readily suffice to refute the words of my accuser. TroXXa irdvv rcov tcoivwv eiravop- dovcri. More will I say to thee, pray heed it well: I will omit many instances, and will mention only one of those who were outrageously treated. LAWS [If any public man, speaking in the senate or in the assembly of the people, shall not speak on the subject which is before the house, or shall fail to speak wgainst each proposition separately, or shall speak twice on the same subject in one day, or if he shall speak abusively or slanderously, or shall againstt the proceed- ings, or in the midst of the deliberations shall get up and speak on anything that is not in order, or shall shout approval, or shall lay hands on the presiding officer, on adjournment of the assembly or the senate the board of presidents are authorized to report his name to the col- lectors, with a fine of not more than 50 drachmas for each offence.

And when, as always happens, a crowd of people had come running up, Hegesandrus and Timarchus, afraid that their disgusting vices were going to be published to the whole town–a meeting of the assembly was about to be held–hurried up to the altar themselves, and some of their gaming-companions with them.


For the father, afraid of the special services to which he would be liable, sold the property that he owned with the exception of the items I have mentioned –a piece of land in Cephisia, another in Amphitrope, and two workshops at the silver mines, one of them in Aulon, the other near the tomb of Thrasyllus.

The man is our friend Hegesandrus there, a man now, though he too used timarcuus be a woman, Laodamas’s woman; as for the woman, she is Timarchus yonder. And each man will have only himself to blame if he comes up here and displays his impudence.

The ” laws,” etc. Demosthenes nevertheless persisted in the pros- ecution, and in the case against Aeschines came to trial. After due summons that body shall pass judgment; the vote shall be secret, againat if he be condemned, the presiding officers shall certify the result to the collectors. Failing to persuade him, he appealed to the man himself.

Aeschines – Against Timarchus – Study Guide, Ancient Sexuality and Gender

Find in a Library View cloth edition. But the losses by war and exile forced the father to take up the little honoured profession of schoolmaster, while the mother, we may perhaps believe, contributed something to the support of the family by service as a priestess in some one of the secret religious cults. And what did the proposer of the law prescribe? But if you reflect on the matter, fellow citizens, you will find this to be the best provision of all.

For the father, afraid of the special services to which he would be liable, 1 sold the property that he owned with the exception of the items I have mentioned — a piece of land in Cephisia, another in Amphitrope, and two work- shops at the silver mines, one of them in Aulon, the other near the tomb of Thrasyllus.

They got word of him and found him at lunch with some foreigners in a lodging-house. He never, however, attained full command of the con- densed, rounded rhetorical period, which is the consummate product of the art of rhetoric. Imagine that you see him when he gets home from the court-room, putting on airs in his lectures to his young men, and telling how successfully he stole the case away from the jury.

The speeches of both prosecutor and defendant are preserved.

AESCHINES, Against Timarchus | Loeb Classical Library

Classical, Early, and Medieval Poetry and Poets: And I beg you to pardon me, fellow citizens, if, compelled to speak about habits which by nature are, indeed, unclean, but are nevertheless his, I be led to use some expression that is as bad as Timarchus’ deeds. Now if one of you should ask me, ” How do fimarchus know that we would vote against him? In the first part, F.